Glossary of Terms
Urinary incontinence: leakage of urine beyond one’s control. CLICK HERE to view a description for urinary incontinence.
Stress incontinence: Involuntary loss of urine during activities such as laughing, coughing, sneezing, lifting, exercise, etc. CLICK HERE to view a description for stress urinary incontinence.
Urge incontinence (Overactive Bladder): An involuntary loss of urine preceded by a strong urge to urinate. CLICK HERE to view a description for urinary urge incontinence.
Mixed Incontinence: a mixture of stress incontinence and urge incontinence.
Urinary Urgency: a strong need to immediately urinate.
Urinary Frequency: urinating more than every 2 hours or more than 8 times a day.
Dysuria: painful urination.
Nocturia: getting up to urinate more than once during the night.
Fistula: an opening between the bladder and vagina or rectum and vagina which leads to leakage of urine or passage of stool vaginally.
Voiding Dysfunction: slowing of urinary stream and having difficulty emptying one’s bladder. May be caused by prolapse.
Urinary Retention: unable to start a urinary stream and retaining a large volume of urine in the bladder. May be caused by prolapse.
Fecal Incontinence: uncontrolled loss of gas or fecal material.
Constipation: infrequent bowel movements, excessive straining to have bowel movements, passage of small and/or hard stool. Some times fingers are placed inside the vagina or on the space between the vagina and anus to aid with bowel movements.
Pelvic Organ Prolapse: displacement, falling, or sagging of uterus or vaginal walls.
Cystocele: displacement of the bladder into vagina. CLICK HERE to view a description of a cystocele.
Rectocele: displacement of the rectum into vagina. CLICK HERE to view a description of a rectocele.
Enterocele: displacement of the small intestine into space between rectum and vagina.
Uterovaginal Prolapse: falling of the uterus into the vagina and beyond the vaginal opening. CLICK HERE to view a description of uterine prolapse.
Vaginal vault prolapse: displacement of the top of the vagina. CLICK HERE for a description of vault prolapse.